Let's face it, humanity has a lousy definition, accompanying practice, and analysis of peace.
If the reader has come to this singular page by way of serendipity or happenstance, let them be aware that we are discussing the topic of Peace from a different analytical point of view than they may be aware of. Such an analytical view recognizes that Peace often has the value "war" or conflict set next to it, thus producing a two-patterned structure of "peace/war". Since peace efforts throughout history and the globe have not been sustainable, it behooves humanity to reanalyze the situation in order to get a better grasp of why it thinks the way it does as if it is stuck in the mud spinning its wheels. By removing much of the emotional content from the analysis, we hope to ascertain whether there exists underlying repetitive patterns in human brain activity which cause the situation, what influences the formation or maintenance of such presumed pattern(s), and how the incrementally ongoing deterioation of the planet's environment is effecting such thinking. Interestingly however, when we look at the development of the brain, the resulting image gives the impression of a boxing glove, and then imaginatively suggests there is an underlying pugulistic (combatant) influence unless we prefer to put a mitten next to the image, such as that worn by a cook, baker, child in the snow or... as in the following image, those that are worn by 3 Canadian mascots.
A single image
A dual image
A triple image
(From a sociological perspective looking at various governments throughout the world, the three mascots can well represent the government on top, the rather imposing business sector including the military/industrial complex, and the "unofficial" public... who often sees themselves as the underdog, the outcast, the "fringe", the indentured servant with a little tiny voice.)
In the content of previous pages we entered into the realm of Dual Process Thinking noting its application to economics made by Daniel Kahneman and is described as such in the Britannica as:
Kahneman's research with Amos Tversky on decision making under uncertainty resulted in the formulation of a new branch of economics, prospect theory, which was the subject of their seminal article Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decisions Under Risk (1979).
An image of the Dual Process Theory along with an image of the Opponent Processing Theory of color, with the notable difference is that the Dual Process Theory does not account for the tripartition in human biology and thought processes as has already been pointed out by the inclusion of multiple "threes" examples... meaning that the Dual Process Theory it is a primitive concept in need of substantial revision:
Many people have worked on either color perception or the trichromatic color system from which was produced better lenses for telescopes, microscopes, binoculars, etc... For example, from the Britannica we find references to Ernst Abbe, Peter Barlow, Peter Dolland, John Dolland, Chester Moor Hall, (Karl) Ewald (Konstantin) Hering, Young-Hemholtz, etc... (Hering challenged the colour-vision theory of Hermann von Helmholtz, postulating three types of receptors, each capable of a dual response to pairs of colours [yellowâ€“blue, redâ€“green, or blackâ€“white].)
One such researcher of more recent vintage is Edwin Herbert Land. While most researchers appear to have worked selectively on the eye and color, the work of land resulted in an appreciation of the brain's involvement. A reference to Land from the Britannica may be of some interest to readers familiar with the old polaroid camera:
(Eward H. Land born May 7, 1909, Bridgeport, Conn., U.S.; died March 1, 1991, Cambridge, Mass. was an) American inventor and physicist whose one-step process for developing and printing photographs culminated in a revolution in photography unparalleled since the advent of roll film.
While a student at Harvard University, Land became interested in polarized light, i.e., light in which all rays are aligned in the same plane. He took a leave of absence, and, after intensive study and experimentation, succeeded (1932) in aligning submicroscopic crystals of iodoquinine sulfate and embedding them in a sheet of plastic. The resulting polarizer, for which he envisioned numerous uses and which he dubbed Polaroid J sheet, was a tremendous advance. It allowed the use of almost any size of polarizer and significantly reduced the cost.
With George Wheelwright III, a Harvard physics instructor, Land founded the Land-Wheelwright Laboratories, Boston, in 1932. He developed and, in 1936, began to use numerous types of Polaroid material in sunglasses and other optical devices. Polaroid was later used in camera filters and other optical equipment.
Land founded the Polaroid Corporation, Cambridge, Mass., in 1937. Four years later he developed a widely used, three-dimensional motion-picture process based on polarized light. During World War II he applied the polarizing principle to various types of military equipment.
Land began work on an instantaneous developing film after the war. In 1947 he demonstrated a camera (known as the Polaroid Land Camera) that produced a finished print in 60 seconds. The Land photographic process soon found numerous commercial, military, and scientific applications. Many innovations were made in the following years, including the development of a colour process. Land's Polaroid Land cameras, which were able to produce developed photographs within one minute after the exposure, became some of the most popular cameras in the world.
Land's interest in light and colour resulted in a new theory of colour perception. In a series of experiments he revealed certain conflicts in the classical theory of colour perception. He found that the colour perceived is not dependent on the relative amounts of blue, green, and red light entering the eye; he proposed that at least three independent image-forming mechanisms, which he called retinexes, are sensitive to different colours and work in conjunction to indicate the colour seen.
Land received more than 500 patents for his innovations in light and plastics. In 1980 he retired as chief executive officer of Polaroid but remained active in the field of light and colour research by working with the Rowland Institute of Science, a nonprofit centre supported by the Rowland Foundation, Inc., a corporation that Land founded in 1960. Under Land's direction, Rowland researchers discovered that perception of light and colour is regulated essentially by the brain, rather than through a spectrum system in the retina of the eye, as was previously believed.
Source: "Land, Edwin Herbert." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013.
For those advocating a "Dual Process" to thinking, it very much appears they prefer to organize all perceptions into a group of two, while strict "three-patterned" theorists organize ideas into threes. If a person's brain is selectively organizing perceptions into groups of two, then groups of three will similarly take on a two-patterned profile such as by altering the labeling thereof. And those with an over-riding interest in a "three" or other numbering scheme, will likewise be inclined to do whatever is necessary in order to render a different pattern into their world-view... such as the traditional "Peace/War (conflict)" dichotomy being assigned a differetn type of labeling or application in order to give the impression that some imagined improvement to the old duality has been achieved... and thus put into practice... or can be put into practice if only enough people would follow suit in adopting a new way of viewing and thinking about and applying a non-tradtitionally different orientation to Peace... since presumably "different" perspectives being considered are "differently the same", and thus provide another insight into the cyclicity of human thought processing as a "adaptive rationalization" to deteriorating planetary conditions.
Yet, Long before Kahneman and Tvsersky and others in the 20th Century, there have been "dual process" forms of analysis and models extending into the deep past, such as the previously mentioned I-Ching noted with the Yin/Yang model, and that the following modernized/westernized list gives but a brief recital thereof:
|Yin||Yang||Female||Male||(Westernized) Pink||(Westernized) Blue||Ding||Dong||(open) Space||Line (straight)||Vagina||Penis||Off||On||Cold||Hot||Wet||Dry||Soft||Hard||Empty||Full||Inside||Outside||Back||Front||Solid||Open||Near||Far||Slow||Fast||Small||Large||Rest||Act||Conserve||Spend||Confine||Liberate||Dark||Light||Earth||Heaven||Water||Fire||Relaxed||Excited||Sad||Happy||Dense||Diffuse||Substance||Energy||Gravity||Levity||Mystery||Revelation||Absorptive||Radiant||Concentrative||Expansive||Local||Universal||Limited||Boundless||Positive||Negative||Formless||Structured||Passive||Active|
However, along with the two-patterned yin/yang, Chinese philosophy has incorporated the "harmony" principle between the two with the Korean mantra of "Unity", to form the Yin-Unity-Yang formula... but irrespective of initial origin of the three-pattern labeling, the idea of finding a sustained "happy medium" is a sought-after goal that is not a concept regularly considered in long-term political investments for humanity; with the word "investments" intentionally used to signify the presence of business being used as a wedge between the phenomena of Peace and War to act as an instigator of dissention in order to create circumstances which will breed profitability for a select few over the many. Hence, the "dual process theory" applied to economics participates in creating conditions for a larger philosophy to be utilized as a system of persuasion to promote ideas to produce a greater income for a selective source, instead of a "Happy Medium" for all of humanity.
For the economist-minded person, the above listed is translated into an advocation dealing with the dichotomies of interest such as loss/gain, in the red/in the black, investment/return, etc... But such dicthotomies do not seek to establish a "happy medium". It is either one extreme of the other, with any notion of "happy medium" being relegated to an interpretation of either profit (growth) or stagnation. Like a disease or mental illness, the idea of having peace is in their sense of appropriation, and any privation experienced by another is rationalized through a system of rationality developed in a culture of like-minded people who create mutltiple levels of buffering that insulate them from experiencing any of the negative effects of their actions. And if they should experience any, they quickly try to retreat from them but feel no sense of loyalty to one's fellow humans unless all eyes are on them with a comparable level of physical protestation which breaks through the barriers of legality and culture which they pay for in order to be exclued from the harsh effects of their self-serving interests.
As part of their argument for enforcing their rationale that everyone must see their way towards agreeing with their "dual process" of thinking as a supportive logic which entitles them to think as they do within the framework of their self-interest, they encourage the populace to accept the notion that everyone has a right to work, thus enabling the business community (backed by the government) to get rid of unions (that can rightly become too political); their push to get everyone to adopt this same philosophy in no way guarantees anyone a right to work... and that everyone should work for a living just like the wealthy claim that they do— except the type of work they ascribe for themselves to do is a dichotomous contrast to that which they ascribe others to do for them. It is a brand of thinking we see in those who involve themselves in some presumptive "peace process", which is but another label for "dual process theory". In other words, it's a joke.
Unlike the "Dual Process Theory" applied to Economics that the Nobel Prize Committee ideologically bought into, the Yin/Yang duality has long been companioned with a tri-partite organizational component:
Three Treasures (San Bao) Correspondences
|Three Treasures:→||Earth Treasure||Life Treasure||Heaven Treasure|
|Domains of Being||Body||Mind||Spirit|
|In Chinese Medicine||Jing||Qi||Shen|
|Elixir (Dan)||arth Elixir||HeartMind||Heaven Elixir|
|(Jing Dan)||(Xin Dan)||(Shen Dan)|
|Elixir Field (Dan Tian)||Lower Earth||Middle HeartMind||Upper Spirit|
|Dearth Field||HeartMind Field||Heaven Field|
|Kind of Qi||Jing Qi||Zhen Qi||Shen Qi|
|Practice Method||Kungfu||Qigong / Taiji||Alchemy|
|Calisthenics||Mind Focus||Meditation / Stillness|
|Cultivation Intention||Heal Body||Clear Mind & Emotions||Radiate Spirit|
|Lifestyle Focus||Nutrition, Exercise||Emotional Resolution & Saying No||Spiritual Practice, Meditation|
|Nourishment / Fuel||Food||Qi||Spirit|
|3 Realms of Dao||Earth||Life||Heaven|
|3 Buddhist Realms||Earth||Atmosphere||Heaven|
Economists like to work from a mindset of opposites as a toolchest with which to make a counter move in a position which may be more profitable than that which another holds. Yet, if publicly pressed, they will go along with the public until such time as they can devise some means of undermining the agreed upon equality in order to firm up a position of inequality in their favor. There is no compromise, there is no middle ground if the odds do not seem to be in their favor... at least for the moment; but they will bide their time like a predator awaiting the opoportunity to snare some profitable position and develop a philsophy that they can convince others is to their own well-being such as the old pathetic "tickle down" theory nonsense. The same goes for any application of purposed peace... only because without it, a given moment of non-peace may be less profitable in that their position is seen for what it is... a one-sided venture seeking the upper hand, the higher advantage.
Like many a religious person who likes to think (unboastfully) of themselves as being good... to believe they incorporate a "necessary" level of humility or they will be punished by God for exhibiting an unworthy fidelity to a given belief and/or belief system; economists like to view themselves in the same manner though their "god" has the added letter "l" and is portrayed as "gold". Yes, by all means, let us attempt to peer back into the distant past (before the 12th Century) and attempt to locate the developmental association between the western usage of the word god and the word gold and thus identify amongst which god-obsessed people arose the occupation of "goldsmith" whose correspondence with the initial visual referencing became more and more obscured by commercial indulgences, though in a comparative vein of liberal thinking one might well attribute the word "godsmith" to clergy. If the stark resemblance between parent and child is not believed when one takes into account the golden Sun and its ancient interpretation as the visage of a radiating (effulgent) god sometimes spelled "Son" instead of "Sun"... that was transferred onto the image of a man who was given the title "Son of god" in even more ancient times; one might well overlook the zealousness, the fanaticism, the hoarding, and the relationship between some individuals and communities and their obsession with the ownership of gold as a vicarious representation of their oneness with a god in a form of accepted social transference of identity.
Yes, use an analytical technique of historically reflective detection as a substitute form of DNA analysis so that the disbelief you impulsively grasp for in the presence of such a reflection can reach out and slap you in the face. It's time to wake up from your economic dream worlds that have been used to substitute underlying religious themes with— themes which are themselves little more than illusory representations of more fundamental environmentally influenced biological patterns coincident with the cyclicities of a planet that is on an incremental course of decay and taking every thing with it... so long as it remains on the planet. Unfortunately, humanity falls prey to so many side shows like the Thinking, Fast and Slow carnival act that humanity may never take the time to look past its self-absorptions in order to evacuate the planet instead of leaving behind Voyager 1 and 2 as a remnant of a species whose impulse in using patterns-of-two were confused with an intelligence undergoing the development of an emerging pattern-of-three formulation. Humanity itself must be the third Voyager. We must force ourselves past the inclinations for two-patterned thinking.