Cenocracy: A New Government Perspective
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The I am a Citizen peasant lapel pin

Come all you Opportunists seeking some personal fortune, however you may describe it boastfully or with a sense of demurred humor and humility. Where the land of the free and the home of the brave treats you as a political peasant while providing you with a token badge of membership call "citizen" which entitles you be forced into supporting a political guild system through taxes you have little to no say so in the formulation of. By being a "citizen peasant" your are without the necessary "political property" that enables you to have full political rights, and must therefore defer your Self-Representation to another whom you choose to stand in your stead, even if they do not actually represent you best interests at heart and may be the lesser of two or more evils of those who are vying for the same Representative position. Property rights... by way of property ownership... in Ancient Rome, Present day America and in other times and places designated one's ability to have political rights such as a voting permission. While most people today have the ability to vote, though under varying conditions of honesty and deception in the voting and elections processes, the vote itself is inconsequential to the overall social dynamics of cultural and economic forces which come into play surrounding one or another elected or chosen person. However, in developing such a description let us look at a reference to voting rights, Peasantry followed by an elaborated definition of "citizen" and a short discussion of etymology which references the word "citizen":

Civitas (Citizen), plural Civitates... refers to citizenship in ancient Rome. Roman citizenship was acquired by birth if both parents were Roman citizens (cives), although one of them, usually the mother, might be a peregrinus ("alien") with connubium (the right to contract a Roman marriage). Otherwise, citizenship could be granted by the people, later by generals and emperors. By the 3rd century BC the plebeians gained equal voting rights with the patricians, so that all Roman citizens were enfranchised, but the value of the voting right was related to wealth because the Roman assemblies were organized by property qualifications. Civitas also included such rights as jus honorum (eligibility for public office) and jus militiae (right of military service)—though these rights were restricted by property qualifications.

Source: "civitas." Encyclopædia Britannica, Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013.

With respect to property, the terms freehold, copyhold, soccage,and demesne are useful aside references to property and voting rights though there are others such as the word villenage (village whose inhabitants are referred to as villein... from which one may derive the word "villain"), though there are other words which have importance in the present discussion.

  1. Freehold:

In English law, ownership of a substantial interest in land held for an indefinite period of time. The term originally designated the owner of an estate held in free tenure, who possessed, under Magna Carta, the rights of a free man. A freehold estate was distinguished from nonfreehold estates such as copyhold, tenancy at will, and tenancy for a fixed period, the customary landlord–tenant relationship. Knight service and frankalmoign, which required military and ceremonial services respectively, and free socage, which involved certain services of husbandry or manual labour, were types of free tenure. (Source: Freehold, Encyclopedia Britannica.)

  1. Copyhold:

In English law, a form of landholding defined as a "holding at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor." Its origin is found in the occupation by villeins, or nonfreemen, of portions of land belonging to the manor of the feudal lord.

A portion of the manor reserved for the lord was cultivated by labourers who were bound to the land; their service was obligatory, and they could not leave the manor. They were allowed, however, to cultivate land for their own use. This copyhold was mere occupation at the pleasure of the lord, but in time it grew into an occupation by right, called villenagium, that was recognized first by custom and later by law. The records of the court baron constituted the title of the villein tenant to the land held by copy of the court roll (hence the term copyhold); and the customs of the manor recorded therein formed the real property law applicable to his case. In 1926 all copyhold land became freehold land, though the lords of manors retained mineral and sporting rights. (Source: Copyhold, Encyclopedia Britannica.)

  1. Socage:

In feudal English property law, form of land tenure in which the tenant lived on his lord's land and in return rendered to the lord a certain agricultural service or money rent. At the death of a tenant in socage (or socager), the land went to his heir after a payment to the lord of a sum of money (known as a relief), which in time became fixed at an amount equal to a year's rent on the land. Socage is to be distinguished from tenure by knight service, in which the service rendered was of a military nature, although, by statute in 1660, all knight-service tenure became socage tenure. In time, most of the land in England came to be held in socage tenure. In the United States, lands in the early colonies were given in socage, particularly in Pennsylvania, where the royal charter given to William Penn created a socage tenure with an annual rent of two beaver skins for the land. After the American Revolution, lands held in socage tenure from the crown were deemed to be held by the state as sovereign, and several states passed statutes or enacted constitutional provisions abolishing tenure. (Source: Socage, Encyclopedia Britannica.)

  1. Demesne:

In English feudal law, that portion of a manor not granted to freehold tenants but either retained by the lord for his own use and occupation or occupied by his villeins or leasehold tenants. When villein tenure developed into the more secure copyhold and leaseholders became protected against premature eviction, the "lord's demesne" came to be restricted and usually denoted the lord's house and the park and surrounding lands.

Demesne of the crown, or royal demesne, was that part of the crown lands not granted to feudal tenants but managed by crown stewards until it was later surrendered to Parliament in return for an annual sum. Ancient demesne was land vested in the crown in 1066, the tenants of such land having a number of privileges, such as freedom from tolls. (Source: Demesne, Encyclopedia Britannica.)

Voting Rights in America:

Typically, white, male property owners twenty-one or older could vote. Some colonists not only accepted these restrictions but also opposed broadening the franchise. Duke University professor Alexander Keyssar wrote in The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States:

At its birth, the United States was not a democratic nation‐far from it. The very word "democracy" had pejorative overtones, summoning up images of disorder, government by the unfit, even mob rule. In practice, moreover, relatively few of the nation's inhabitants were able to participate in elections: among the excluded were most African Americans, Native Americans, women, men who had not attained their majority, and white males who did not own land.

John Adams, signer of the Declaration of Independence and later president, wrote in 1776 that no good could come from enfranchising more Americans:

Depend upon it, Sir, it is dangerous to open so fruitful a source of controversy and altercation as would be opened by attempting to alter the qualifications of voters; there will be no end to it. New claims will arise; women will demand the vote; lads from 12 to 21 will think their rights not enough attended to; and every man who has not a farthing, will demand an equal voice with any other, in all acts of state. It tends to confound and destroy all distinctions, and prostrate all ranks to one common level.

Colonial Voting restrictions reflected eighteenth-century English notions about gender, race, prudence, and financial success, as well as vested interest. Arguments for a white, male-only electorate focused on what the men of the era conceived of as the delicate nature of women and their inability to deal with the coarse realities of politics, as well as convictions about race and religion. African Americans and Native Americans were excluded, and, at different times and places, the Protestant majority denied the vote to Catholics and Jews. In some places, propertied women, free blacks, and Native Americans could vote, but those exceptions were just that. They were not signs of a popular belief in universal suffrage.

Property requirements were widespread. Some colonies required a voter to own a certain amount of land or land of a specified value. Others required personal property of a certain value, or payment of a certain amount of taxes. Examples from 1763 show the variety of these requirements. Delaware expected voters to own fifty acres of land or property worth £40. Rhode Island set the limit at land valued at £40 or worth an annual rent of £2. Connecticut required land worth an annual rent of £2 or livestock worth £40.

Source linking logo: Colonial Williamsburg logo used as a link

Woman Suffrage:

Women were excluded from voting in ancient Greece and Republican Rome, as well as in the few democracies that had emerged in Europe by the end of the 18th century. When the franchise was widened, as it was in the United Kingdom in 1832, women continued to be denied all voting rights. The question of women's voting rights finally became an issue in the 19th century, and the struggle was particularly intense in Great Britain and the United States; but these countries were not the first to grant women the right to vote, at least not on a national basis. By the early years of the 20th century, women had won the right to vote in national elections in New Zealand (1893), Australia (1902), Finland (1906), and Norway (1913). In Sweden and the United States they had voting rights in some local elections.

World War I and its aftermath speeded up the enfranchisement of women in the countries of Europe and elsewhere. In the period 1914–39, women in 28 additional countries acquired either equal voting rights with men or the right to vote in national elections. These countries included Soviet Russia (1917); Canada (1918); Germany, Austria, Poland, and Czechoslovakia (1919); the United States and Hungary (1920); Great Britain (1918 and 1928); Burma (now Myanmar; 1922); Ecuador (1929); South Africa (1930); Brazil, Uruguay, and Thailand (1932); Turkey and Cuba (1934); and the Philippines (1937). In a number of these countries, women were initially granted the right to vote in municipal or other local elections or perhaps in provincial elections; only later were they granted the vote in national elections. (Source: "woman suffrage." Encyclopædia Britannica.)

American Civil Rights Act:

(1964), comprehensive U.S. legislation intended to end discrimination based on race, colour, religion, or national origin; it is often called the most important U.S. law on civil rights since Reconstruction (1865–77).

  • Title I of the act guarantees equal voting rights by removing registration requirements and procedures biased against minorities and the underprivileged.
  • Title II prohibits segregation or discrimination in places of public accommodation involved in interstate commerce.
  • Title VII bans discrimination by trade unions, schools, or employers involved in interstate commerce or doing business with the federal government. The latter section also applies to discrimination on the basis of sex and established a government agency, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), to enforce these provisions.
  • The act also calls for the desegregation of public schools (Title IV),
  • broadens the duties of the Civil Rights Commission (Title V),
  • and assures nondiscrimination in the distribution of funds under federally assisted programs (Title VI).
Source: "Civil Rights Act." Encyclopædia Britannica.

Whereas the "political guild" of yesteryear could diminish potential adversarial circumstances which might cause them to become a minority and no longer hold the majority opinion or political clout by keeping large swaths of people from voting based on property valuations, gender, race or age... the lack of such means to control the popular vote could none-the-less be supported by the provision of an Electoral College and gerrymandering (dividing a voting area so as to give your own party an unfair advantage: Wordweb dictionary). This ability to control the popular vote so as to diminish its effectiveness, thus as a deliberate intention to circumvent the process of a democracy based on the tenet "a government of, by, and for the people", is also enabled by an elections and voting system which is rigged and corrupted to serve the purposes of those who are already a part of the "political guild" that limit their memberships to only like-minded advocates. In other words, though a majority of the people have acquired the ability to vote, they can only cast their vote for those who will maintain the present system of government and not seek to instigate broad programs of restructuring which would increase a level of fairness that would give present socio-political ideas a significant challenge to their dominance. A person's vote carries little power if it is not enabled to bring about significant government structure reforms instead of simply replacing one type of office manager with another one who may have necessary vision, intelligence, wisdom nor personal wherewithal to bring about comprehensive reforms in the overall and underlying structure of government.

Peasant: any member of a class of persons who till the soil as small landowners or as agricultural labourers. The term peasant originally referred to small-scale agriculturalists in Europe in historic times, but many other societies, both past and present, have had a peasant class.

The peasant economy generally has a relatively simple technology and a division of labour by age and sex. The basic unit of production is the family or household. One distinguishing characteristic of peasant agriculture is self-sufficiency. Peasant families consume a substantial part of what they produce, and while some of their output may be sold in the market, their total production is generally not much larger than what is needed for the maintenance of the family. Both productivity per worker and yields per unit of land are low.

Peasants as a class have tended to disappear as a society industrializes. This is due to the mechanization of farming, the resulting consolidation of farming plots into larger units, and the accompanying emigration of rural dwellers to the cities and other sites of industrial employment. The small-scale agriculture associated with peasant labour is simply too inefficient to be economically viable in developed countries.

Source: "peasant." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013.

Note: The "Peasant class" has not disappeared, it has only been pushed into the brightly lit corridors of prevailing bureaucracies with walls of political portrait mirrors, glazed marble floors and a skylight filled with an "officialized" artificial Sun, Moon and Stars... that attempt to use historical definitions of the word "peasant" to undermine and circumvent the perception of its continued existence by presenting the word "peasant" as a name that is only relevant to a given time and place such as the Medieval era and can only be defined in terms of the ideas involving agriculture or village-level, home-based or manor-based enterprises. However, the word "peasant" along with "serf" routinely meant someone who lived outside the citadel (city-grounds) of a castle and were therefore not viewed as citizens... or denizens of the citadel and were therefore left vulnerable to any marauding groups because they were not obligingly offered full rights and full protections from those who claimed them as chattel... or domesticated human beasts-of-burden who were forced to toil and pay annual tribute to those who claimed they were their betters In short, the "peasant class" is alive and well because having such a social class is very profitable for a few enabled to take advantage of the many.

Citizen Peasants in all castle types

Metaphorically speaking, the walls of the present day draw-bridge castles of politics have shrunk so much that the larger population is not provided the same equal benefits as those "inside" the political guild System. The publics of today have been ostracized, disenfranchised, and other-wise been booted outside the walls of the current political system which has reduced their "inalienable right" of self-governance to a next-to-nothing negligible privilege.

Time for another Revolution!

(Revolutionists need to develop the appropriate strategy for attacking and taking over the present political castle. You must be able to provide the people with a viable substitute which addresses the very many inequalities we are being subjected to. You must re-enfranchise the public which symbolically represents opening up the castle gates, letting down the draw-bridge and expanding the walls to include everyone. This means you will have to adopt a Peoples Legislative Branch accommodation.)

No matter what type of castle you survey, all of them used some type of barrier for protection. Yet because the initial grounds behind a wall and/or moat (water obstruction) were small, the serfs (peasants) were kept outside under the (often illusory) provision that they would be permitted inside whenever danger arouse from outside, yet there weren't any provisions protecting them from those within the walls who could treat them in any manner they wanted... simply by making up a law, rule, or practice to establish the perception of "divine right" propriety be it for vice, villainy, or volition based on mental illness that those in authority all too often try to cover up when "one of their own" exhibits a mental, emotional or physical deficiency (such as the case of Trump who is obviously unsuited for the position of the Presidency... much less Commander and Chief of the Military... and thus should be subjected to the Uniform Code of Military Justice and given an Unsuitability discharge. If any other person acted the way he does while being involved with the military, they would have been subjected to a psychiatric evaluation and provided with a discharge for being unable to carry out their duties without continued and constant assistance necessitating excuses from political, military and law enforcement leaders... who act like a group of over-paid social workers taking care of high-functioning mentally-handicapped adult, and represents a culture of deteriorating leaderships exhibiting a double-standard form of duplicitous hypocrisy.)

As populations grew, the walls of the castles expanded to permit more people to live inside the grounds, thus developing the first urban areas while outside were what we of today might refer to as "out in the sticks, boondocks, boonies, back-country", etc...

The people living inside were eventually referred to as "citizens" with more protections and privileges than peasants, but not full political advantages... in that they had no power to develop laws. In other words, though they were recognized as "free men", they were still chained to the conventions of a practiced peasantry that the people of today are experiencing as well.

Upon attempting to research the origin and original meaning (and its later applications to given contexts) of the word "citizen", let me begin by providing a definition from the Webster's ninth new collegiate dictionary (1986):

Citizen [Middle English citizein, from Anglo-French citezein, alteration of Old French citeien, from cité city] (14th Century)

  1. an inhabitant of a city or town especially one entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman
    1. a member of a state
    2. a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a government and is entitled to protection from it
  2. a civilian as distinguished from a specialized servant of the state


The supplying of etymologies involves such difficult decisions for a lexicographer as whether words should be carried back into prehistory by means of reconstructed forms or the degree to which speculation should be permitted. An American Romance scholar, Yakov Malkiel, presented the notion that words follow "trajectories"—by finding certain points in the history of a word, one can link up the developments in form and meaning. The austere treatment of some words consists in saying "derivation unknown," and yet this sometimes causes interesting possibilities to be ignored.

A fundamental distinction is made in word history between the "native stock" and the "loanwords." There have been so many borrowings into English that the language has been called "hypertrophied." The traditional view is to regard the borrowings as a source of "richness." A historical dictionary does its best to ascertain the date at which a word was adopted from another language, but the word may have to go through a period of probation. Murray, the editor of the OED, listed four stages of word "citizenship": the casual, the alien, the denizen, and the natural. The casuals may not be part of the language, as they appear only in travel writings and accounts of foreign countries, but a lexicographer must collect citations for them in order to record the early history of a word that may later become naturalized. Some words may remain denizens for centuries, Murray pointed out, such as phenomenon treated as Greek, genus as Latin, and aide-de-camp as French. When a word is borrowed, its etymology may be traced through its descent in its original language.

Some early philosophies assumed that there is a mystic relation between the present use of a word and its origin and that etymology is a search for the "true meaning." The recognition of continuous linguistic change establishes, however, that etymology is no more than early history, sometimes as reconstructed on the basis of relationships and known sound changes. Ingenuity in etymologizing is dangerous, and even plausibility can be misleading, but ascertained fact has overriding importance. It is curious that contemporary slang is often more uncertain in its origin than words of long history.

A depotic governments carrot-on-a-string measurement of equality

With the foregoing information in mind let us retrace our steps so we recognize the fact that in today's political contexts, "citizenry" means "peasantry" defined by the situation that Peasant families (and individuals) consume a substantial part of what they earn, leaving nothing for savings, because their earnings are generally not much larger than what is needed for the maintenance of the family and is intentionally formulated as such by the government and its wealthy supporters as a form of suppression and oppression to keep the ordinary citizen dependent on them and their industry... and is a relationship in which they hold the people on a leash that they reel out or in and would gladly use as an economic sacrifice after instigating a confrontation with an opponent. But if not a leash, then a ball and chain or some carrot-on-a-stick bureaucratic motivation technique.

The Citizen peasants of today

The people of today have become so politically disenfranchised, so politically ostracized, so politically banished to an outlying field of political negligibility, they have been returned to a position in which they perform the function as a specialized servant for political expedients and are thus once again living the life of an indentured servant, peasant, serf or their equivalents in all languages... and have otherwise been reduced to the social status of an "untouchable" in that the people have no available realistic means of reforming the entire political structure other than by way of a Revolution. When we are forced to defer to ineffective forms of petitioning the government, writing to presumed Representatives, and carrying out State-defined "peaceful" protests and meetings, the people are given no recourse but to develop the necessary methodology but that which will enable them to receive a Full Wage of the Inalienable Rights and a Full Benefits package which includes non-vicarious forms of Self-Representation and Self-Determination.

This is the same definition used to describe peasants from countless places in countless times with the assertive remark that all of them have been disenfranchised from their respective political systems... unable to effect government policies to perfect better living conditions through a greater expression and practice of equality... yet are forced to support the prevailing guild system of politics through a rigged voting and elections campaign system whose corruptions act corrosively against the intentions of the public to create an actual and honest formula of democracy, or whichever socio-political philosophy the Collective Will of the people so choose in the coming future. However, as is the case in many different terminological situations, the label "peasant" is historically used to definitively describe those who were agricultural labourers— and therefore conceals the presence of peasant conditions and culture amongst those whose labours are not tied to agricultural efforts. It is a subterfuge (something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity), because the peasantry of old did not disappear due to industrialization as is described by historians, it merely changed occupations. Likewise the conditions of indentured servitude, and slavery are alive and well albeit in a modernized set of garments, language and technological embellishments which obscures the presence of ancient practices cast in the plasticized molds of modernization.

Welcome to America! Step right up and get your Citizenship lapel pins which we have for many different occasions, yet conceal the fact that the word "citizen" actually equates with a political level of peasantry. It is a place where in fact you become little more than an indentured servant working for a wealthy gentry who entitle themselves to think they are more wise, more intelligent, more experienced to dictate to you what laws you are to abide by... even though it is always the general populace which makes up the greater proportion of soldiers who fought for, and win their Independence... yet the lion's share of those Independence fruits are enjoyed by a few who deny them to the many or dole them out in a piece-meal fashion through various exploitations... all under the guise of some falsified democracy used as a drug to inebriate the "citizenry" into thinking it too is enabled to enjoy the bounty. In order to be fully enfranchised the populace would need to own political property in order to have the collateral for political capital with which to buy and sell a means for effecting political directions on behalf of the public. But such political enfranchisement is denied to the majority because upon gaining such property they will be the dominant share-holders of the largest political property and will be enabled to dictate terms to the few who presently act as overseers towards them. For some, particularly for those who lived in the past and were subjected to multiple kinds of disparagements, the word "peasant" was more denigrating than the present day usage of the word "nigger" (for Negro or black), "wet back" (for Hispanics/latinos in reference to those who used to cross the Rio Grande River), or the prison denoted sexually-related term of "punk".

Citizen peasantry pins lineup 1
In this line-up we have: (1) Peasantship (2) Peasantship (3) Super Peasant (4) Peasantship (5) Good Peasant Award
Citizen peasantry pins lineup 2
In this line-up we have: (1) Good Peasant (2) Peasant of the Month (3)Good Peasant Award (4) Good Peasant Award
Citizen peasantry pins lineup 3
In this line-up we have: (1) Peasantship Award (2) Peasantship (3) Peasantship Award (4) Peasantship

Source:Google Search: Citizenship Lapel Pins (Note: several of the pins have copyright designations.)

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Date of page Origination (though typing began earlier): Sunday, 25th-February-2018... 3:57 AM
Date of Initial Posting: Sunday, 13th-May-2018... 12:39 AM